Munchkins differ from other cats in the length of their legs, and are divided into three types: dwarf, ultrashort-legged, and standard. For fun, the Munchkins are also called "Dachshund cats."
Incredibly curious cats, ready for travel and discoveries, they are mobile and curious and often get on their hind legs.
They are available in various colors and both hair lengths.
They are affectionate and loyal.
These amazing cats are named after fairy-tale characters from the Lyme Frank Baum novel “The Wizard of Oz”: little men - Munchkin, who were distinguished by dwarf growth and a cheerful disposition.
In addition to their cute appearance, the Munchkins have a pleasant, friendly and playful character. These cats are very affectionate and get along well with young children, not releasing their claws even for squeezing and pulling their tail. With other cats and even dogs, these miniature beauties also find a common language.
Despite their short legs, the Munchkins love to explore everything: they easily jump onto the highest cabinets and sofas, stick their nose in the most secret corners. They are sure to play with shiny objects, so keep jewelry and fragile figurines out of reach.
They may not jump from the floor to the top of a refrigerator in a single bound but they will show off their jumping prowess and intelligence as they find a path that takes them there in smaller steps.
They are curious enough to steal small objects or hunt.
Munchkins can run very fast, similar to squirrels, and are capable of keeping up with canine companions and children.
These cats adore walking and traveling. they are completely unafraid of new places, strangers or noise.
They are extremely curious and will sit up on their hind legs like a rabbit to get a better view of something that has caught their attention.
Munchkins love to stroll on a harness and can even ride in a car without attempting to climb out of a window or destroy the entire interior with their claws.
These cats are very loyal to their master. They obey him in everything. Rough, aggressive behavior and the use of force against them can cause serious stress in these animals.
They love to wallow on the lap of the owner, purring a quiet song, and if you stay at work, they will not smash the whole apartment or be offended.
Like many pedigreed cats, the Munchkin breed arose from a spontaneous genetic mutation. Their short legs are caused by an autosomal dominate gene, which causes the long bones in a cat's legs to develop at a shorter length. A cat only needs one copy of the gene to inherit short legs and to pass the trait along to its kittens.
In the 1930s in Europe periodically appeared references to unusual short-legged cats.
In 1944, one of the British veterinarians reported observations of several generations of cats that looked like ordinary domestic cats with the exception of limb parameters.
However, World War II almost completely erased this genetic line.
Officially, the Munchkin's story begins in 1983, when music teacher Sandra Hockenedel from Louisiana picked up a pregnant short-legged cat and called her Blackberry. Soon kittens were born, which became the official representatives of the breed.
The Munchkins were first introduced to the general public in 1991 at a cat show, but were perceived negatively as sick and non-viable animals.
Later, genetic studies showed that short legs in this breed are the result of a natural mutation of the genes responsible for limb length. Fortunately, this mutation does not do any harm to the cat’s health, and they do not suffer from spinal problems.
In 1994, the Munchkins were officially recognized by the International Cat Association and are now actively bred around the world and have a lot of fans.
Munchkins are unpretentious in maintenance and do not require special care. It is enough to comb them once every couple of weeks (long-haired cats are better once a week, so that no tangles are formed) with a comb and massage brush, completing the procedure by rubbing the fur with a suede cloth to make it shine better.
Regularly clean his ears of accumulated dust and sulfur with a moistened cotton swab, and keep his eyes and mouth clean. As for the claws, you can trim them and buy a special claw pad.
Due to their characteristics, cats of this breed cannot survive on the street. They do not need any walks, but willingly go out for a walk on a leash.
Munchkins should have an extensive playing space. They love to climb and jump, so they will like a special complex for cats.
It is best to arrange a sleeping place closer to the owner (ideally in his bedroom, next to the bed) and not very high from the ground.
Munchkins are prone to obesity, so it is very important to follow a feeding regimen and not overfeed them.
Lilieput from Napa, CA, holds the world record for smallest living cat. In 2013, The Guinness Book of World Records named Lilieput – a tortoiseshell Munchkin cat from Napa, California – the world’s shortest living cat. The diminutive kitty stands a mere 5.25 inches tall from the bottoms of her paws to the top of her shoulders.
The Munchkin cat is known for his hoarding tendencies. Much like the Magpie, Munchkin cats will beg, borrow and steal small, shiny objects and stash them away for a rainy day. In fact, some refer to Munchkins as magpies due to this quirky characteristic.